Gynecomastia is the overdeveloped and enlarged breasts in males that affect men in a certain age bracket, mostly preteens or teenage boys going through the hormonal changes of puberty. The breast becomes large. Some become uneven or instead grow unevenly.
Gynecomastia results from hormonal imbalance, that is, a contrast between estrogen and androgen hormones. It is also heredity meaning it can be passed from one generation to another, obesity which is being overweight, can also cause gynecomastia. The use of certain chemicals, such as steroids, may affect tissue glands of the breast, causing gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia can be characterized by excessive localized fat, excess breast skin, and excess glandular tissue development, and it is presented in two phases: unilateral gynecomastia and bilateral gynecomastia. Unilateral gynecomastia is an overdevelopment or enlarged breasts in men affecting just one breast, and bilateral gynecomastia is where there is an overdevelopment or enlargement of breasts in men affecting both breasts.
These phases manifest themselves with time. From the duration and how severe the conditions are is how gynecomastia is classified. The first one is florid gynecomastia, where the condition is seen in early stages as early as four months and is characterized by increased ductal tissues. The second type is fibrous gynecomastia which is seen after a year where more stromal fibrosis is evident. Lastly, we have intermediate gynecomastia, which progresses after the two types have been manifested.
In severe cases, gynecomastia can make the breasts sag or stretch, which can mess up the confidence of a man and could affect men both physically and emotionally. This condition can be rectified through surgical operations called gynecomastia surgery, one of the world’s best cosmetic surgeries. This surgery can restore that toned manly chest desired to the patient.
What Is Gynecomastia Surgery?
Gynecomastia surgery, also known as male breast reduction, reduces overdeveloped or enlarged breasts in men. This surgery removes the excess skin in the mammary glands. This is cosmetic surgery, and like any other type of surgery, there are always risks to be considered. Risks to be looked into by the patient and to be evaluated by the doctor.
What Risks Are Associated with Gynecomastia Surgery?
Plastic surgery has proven to be one of the most delicate and risky types of surgery a person can undergo. Patients, if not well-prepped, can suffer severe complications. An individual has to consider the safety of gynecomastia surgery before getting the treatment.
Before any surgery is done, consent forms are signed by patients to be aware of the risks that could occur. Gynecomastia surgery has the following risks: blood clots, bleeding (hematoma), unfavorable scarring, cardiac complications, fluid accumulation, infection, persistent pain, poor wound healing, the possibility of revision surgery, and changes in breast sensation.
These risks can affect a patient if not considered. Every patient is to be advised before the surgery taking into consideration the health of the patient.
This type of surgery has certain risks that can affect them if not carefully considered or the patients not correctly prepped.
Things To Do Before the Surgery
There are always steps to be taken or measures to be considered before having gynecomastia surgery. These steps include lab testing where any pending disease present in the body is discovered early to avoid complications. The patient also has to stop smoking if they are smokers to enable a more muscular respiratory system. The patient must avoid taking any inflammatory drugs to avoid interfering with the medicines used during the surgery. They are also advised to take certain medications that can boost their immune system.
Pros And Cons of Gynecomastia
Gynecomastia surgery has advantages and disadvantages. There are two sides to this topic, although one outweighs the other. The disadvantages of this surgery are only highlighted if the risks were not considered. Unfavorable scarring is one of the lifetime disadvantages that comes with the surgery. A lifetime reminder that stays with you. Another disadvantage is if the surgery is not done well, the wound might heal poorly, and also, if it’s not cleaned well, it might cause infection leading to a revision of the wound. If not with a trusted specialist, the breasts might turn out in irregular shapes, and also, if not done well, there could be cardiac complications.
Insurance is one of the limiting factors that cannot allow everyone with gynecomastia to undergo surgery. This surgery is one of the expensive surgeries, and not everyone is insured. This is one of the reasons people grow up with the condition without help.
But everything that has a disadvantage has an advantage and, in this case, the benefits outweigh the disadvantages. This surgery is advised and encouraged at early stages to avoid complications. This surgery improves men’s life quality in all aspects. The first aspect is self-esteem. This surgery boosts the self-esteem of someone enabling him to be confident with their appearances. It also relieves someone from social stigma. You can even go shirtless without worrying about physical appearance. It also relieves stress where the constant worrying about how someone looks might lead to depression, and this surgery relieves tension, thus clearing the mind and being productive. It also offers a more masculine figure, the one the society has vividly described, and it can alleviate back pain, thus improving your physique. It also restores confidence.
From the surveys and research, surgery for gynecomastia is safe, and patients all over have proven to heal fast despite the minor complications they experience. We can rule gynecomastia surgery as a safe procedure with few complications and subsequent recovery with all these. Since surgery for gynecomastia is safe, now you can refer friends and relatives for the treatment.